Poetries as a form of literature are still evergreen and wouldn’t seem to die down ever. It’s a form of expression and understanding.
Though one may be able to make out the rough meaning of what the poem is saying, it may be difficult for them to figure out which form of poetry it is. So let’s understand what the different types of Poetry are.
To understand the forms, it’s important to understand what meter and rhyme scheme is. A meter in simple words is the length of a line and the word arrangements while a rhyme scheme is away, the ending words of the line sound similar in their pronunciations.
Depending on the rhyme and meter, the poetry is divided into four forms; Formal Verse, Blank Verse, Rhyme Verse, and Free Verse.
What is a formal Verse?
A formal verse is a form in which the poetry poem strictly follows both meter and rhyme scheme. A good example of these types of poems can be sonnets and villanelles. Sonnets are 14 line poems that are further divided into two types, Petrarchan sonnets and Shakespearean Sonnets. Petrarchan sonnets are of 2 stanzas while the latter is of 3 quatrains of 4 lines each and end with a couplet. Whereas a Villanelles is a poem of 19 lines, having five stanzas of 3 lines each and the very last stanza or the closing stanza comprises four lines.
These follow a particular rhyme scheme; for example, a Petrarchan sonnet usually has a Rhyme Scheme of ABBA, ABBA, CDECDE. At the same time, Shakespearean sonnets follow ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG. And a Villanelles follows ABA, ABA, ABA, ABA, ABA, ABAA.
These particular and strict rhyme schemes and meter is what makes them formal verses.
What is a Blank Verse?
Blank verses are forms of poetry that lack any particular rhyme scheme but follow the metering scheme. Though many meters can be used in poetry most of the time, when talking about a blank verse, iambic pentameter is used.
Iambic Pentameter is defined to have ten syllables in one line, with each syllable alternating with unstressed and stressed sounds.
Though various meters can be used, a pentameter is opposite to iambic and is termed as a trochee, where it follows the same syllables, just opposite sounds of stressed and unstressed.
What is a Rhymed Verse?
A rhymed verse is easy to understand. It doesn’t follow any meter but does follow a rhyme scheme. The rhyme scheme may wary and need not be the same throughout the entire poem. It may vary for different stanzas.
What is Free Verse?
A free verse form of poetry is opted by many in today’s times. It makes the work much easier as a free verse doesn’t have to follow either the meter or the Rhyme Scheme, and the entire authority of how the poetry style shall go lies with the poet. It gives the poet the freedom to choose the style they would want to opt for. And hence the vast use of free verse has been noticed in many young budding poets.
Poetries can be written in any form, but if opted for a particular form, then the rules should be abided by.